How did the Russian names, why change dissonant Brats at Siberians was not always

How did the Russian names.Since its inception surname in Russia was more than just an addition to the name. For him it was easy to install and social status of the resident and the occupation of generations of his ancestors, and territorial part of the state where it occurred and crepe kind of carrier of the family name. More difficult to identify the history of native names with foreign roots, but here you can trace the documentary evidence.

First names as a prerogative of the elite

Long time official surnames in Russia was not. Treated names, patronymics and nicknames. Early documentary evidence from the 13th century about the presence of names concerned only the Novgorod lands. First Russian names went from a patronymic./Photo: img-fotki.yandex.hyperview Russian names went from middle names, baptismal name of some of the ancestors in the male line. Formed name and the name of the dwelling place, kind of employment, as well as people’s nicknames. Mandatory names began only in the sixteenth century for the exclusive estates of princes and boyars, and after some time for nobles and merchants. The first addition to the name in the name of their lot received the noble owners of lands (Vyazemsky, Tver), as well as the influential and rich merchants, at that time mostly North Russian. In the merchants ‘ names reflected their working specialization (Rybnikov – the fishmonger). Appeared double surnames formed from the name of the principalities and supplemented by the nickname (Lobanov-Rostovsky).

Foreign origin of Russian names

Some nobles of Russian origin Russian was not. For example, the foreigner was in the service in the Russian army, then converted to Orthodoxy, took to wife a local woman, and finally assimilated. So, it is Russian, it would seem, the name Kir comes from the Tatar name Kiryan. The same principle appeared Nakhimov and the Yusupovs. There are examples of the evolution of notable foreign names. From 1490 to 1493, the year of the famous Italian architect Pietro Antonio Solari directed the construction of the Kremlin. Subsequently, the name Solari was transformed into the Russian Solarev. The situation is similar with the surname Chicherin. The founder of the clan of nobles Chicherin was Chicherini interpreter, came to the Russian land in the retinue of visentini Sophia Palaeologus, who later became Grand Duchess of Moscow.You can be sure that Kuznetsova grandfather had a smithy, and Popov in the family were priests./Photo: vseznaesh.gaisotni multiple examples of the degeneration of the foreign names that have changed beyond recognition. For example, many of Levsinex — the descendants of Levenstein. Their ancestor arrived in Russia in the 14th century in the service of Dmitry Donskoy and Levenshtein turned into a Lefty, and his descendants gradually evolved to Levsinex. In Russia there is a lot of Clamp, whose name is absolutely not connected with the horse carriage, and is derived from British Hamilton. In the 16th century in Russia came the member of a noble family Thomas Hamilton. His descendants was originally called boyars Garantovati, but gradually the spelling of the name has varied, giving rise to a current version.

Dissonant farm name as a family the cross

Bleak was the case with the names of the peasants. Until the 19th century they were content with only the patronymics, nicknames and mention of their master. Often nicknames were given with a light hand witty gentleman, resulting in disenfranchised peasant became Vaska by Durakovi or Fedka Kosolapov. The most ridiculous were the names of the serfs, formed of street nicknames./Photo: 4.bp.blogspot.compose the abolition of serfdom «nicknames» turned into a name. Over time, the descendants of the former servile peasants had escaped into the light, becoming entrepreneurs and officials. But, despite the social take-off, they continued to be called discordant, and sometimes ridiculous names, change which was only possible by Imperial permission. It is clear that the location of the autocrat is not easy. In result, entire families passed on funny generic names from one generation to another.

The Soviet fashion for change of name violated ancestral traditions

The October revolution was the start of an active process of changing names. In addition to the desire to wash away the unloved peasant names were other reasons for this boom. Someone by the new name wanted to Express the deep revolutionary sentiment that someone tried to conceal class origins. And, about the interruption of family history of his family, few people think. Ivan, who was the son of Peter, was called John, Petrovic example, in the Russia of those times to bear the name of Romanov was dangerous. In addition, formed a new society — «the Soviet people». A lot of immigrants from the Eastern republics with a view to integrate into the overall flow changed their names to the most common Russian. Some were guided by purely personal impulses. Among such applications was the treatment of the future of the white General, Andrei Shkuro, to whom his name seemed unacceptable to the staff officer. Preserved collective letter to the people’s Commissariat of internal Affairs of the black sea sailors. Sailor Fools wanted to become Vinogradov, Kobelev asked permission renamed Skobelev, and Gnilova decided to change the name to Stepanov. The announcement of the change of names illustrate the reasons for this process./Photo: mtdata.georadar change of name was the most simplistic. It was enough notification about the decision of the Department of records of marriages and births, as well as the publication of a notice in the newspaper. The number of people willing to take advantage of this right was through the roof. The situation decided to pay to the state, and the change of name has been paid. In 1923, a new name was worth 20 rubles, and then all 40. However, the high cost of the service demand is not reduced. The announcement from the newspaper «Izvestia» that time vividly illustrates the reasons for the mods to change your name. It was reported that a citizen Zivolup henceforth referred to by Dneprova, as Kids wished to turn into Sibiryakova, and Crooks and Shirinkin have preferred that their name was Orlovym. This «family» outlaws lasted until until in April 1940, the NKVD did not accept a new instruction on the procedure of changing names. Now to change the government demanded serious grounds and approvals in a number of authorities.Anyone interested in the history of Russia, it will be interesting to knowwhy the Russian girls wore hair when the braid unbraid and who cut.

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