Konfetki-baranochki: As appeared in Russia traditional sweets, and that they were special

As appeared in Russia traditional sweets, and that they were special.Today the shelves are full of different kinds of candy, cakes and cookies. But it was not always. Our ancestors in Russia until the XIII century knew only two kinds of sweets – honey and fruit. Particularly wealthy people ate boiled in honey, apples and berries. And only with the advent of sugar cane began the production of Russian candy.

Lollipops

First candy, which began to produce in Russia, became a Lollipop. The name of this sweets suggests that it is transparent, like ice. Initially, the candy was shapeless. They were simple pieces of melted and hardened sugar plate.Lollipop-cock./Photo: img1.goodhouse.hipri Peter I was founded by the Sugar chamber, engaged in the purchase of sugar cane. Since this product cost a lot of money, they enjoyed only by wealthy people. Just then there was a fashion in the villages to blacken his front teeth. Because of the large quantity of sweets in the absence of oral hygiene caries develops. If a person in those days was the disease, it was believed that he ate a lot of sweets. Therefore, he had enough money to afford such a luxury.In Europe at this time already began to put in the fondant sticks. This was done for ease of use. By the way, the first lollipops in Western countries were used for therapeutic purposes – with their help get rid of cough and sore throat, adding to the cooling mass of licorice, mint, lavender and other herbs.Only in the first half of the eighteenth century there appeared in Russia a plant for the purification of cane sugar. By the early nineteenth century, thanks to Jacob Esipov, saw the construction of plants running on domestic raw materials – sugar beet. Since that time, sugar and sweetness on its basis become more affordable, and candy in the form of a Cockerel became a symbol of the Russian confectionery industry.Form of lollipops./Photo: images.ua.prom.stПоскольку form in the form of a Cockerel was quite complicated to manufacture, in the course of there were other types of candy. The most common are the sun and the house. Rich people prefer the French versions of these candy drops.

Gingerbread

Cake made of flour with honey and berry juice is probably one of the oldest confectionery products. Historians say that the gingerbread was prevalent in Russia in the IX century. Its name it received somewhere between XIII and XV centuries, as a diminutive form of the word «loaf». Since ancient times was called the round bread. Gingerbread with apples./Photo: poleznogotovim.giv honour of this product people even called the island, which is officially called the island Skrebtsova. Now make the gingerbread with nuts, jam, condensed milk. But one ingredient remains the same. Gingerbread must include in its composition of honey is as a thousand years ago.

Bagels, bagels and drying

The song «Buy bublichki», written in the years of the NEP, today considered a classic of urban folklore, and the very confection – a purely Russian invention. Numerous still-lifes, depicting the merchant’s tables was usually a bunch of bagels, bagels or crackers.The seller of bagels./Photo: img-fotki.yandex.Gina really is a confection invented by the Jews, and in Yiddish it’s called bagel. In Russia bagel «infiltrated» from Poland, where, according to legend, the Jewish bakers presented pastries this king Jan III Sobieski. Sweetness resembled the stirrup and symbolized the victory over the Turks, according to one version – of Khotin, on the other – in the battle of Vienna. From Poland, the bagel came to Russia in the period of the migration of Jews and poles on the territory of Ukraine in the XVIII century.B. Kustodiev, «the Coachman in a tavern».The main difference between bagels, crackers and bagels other bakery products is that the dough is first boiled and then baked. Sweetness liking people, because it can be stored for long. Thanks to the hole in the center of bagels can be strung on rope and hung, thus saving them from mice and rats. In addition, babies who have teeth erupt, you can give bagels and drying to relieve itching. There are no fears that the baby will choke on the bite, because biting hard dough he had nothing.

Tula gingerbread

First Tula gingerbread is mentioned in the scribe book of 1685. But in fact the roots of the sweets go in earlier times, presumably for a hundred years before. Like most other sweets of those times, because of the high cost of sugar as a sweetener in the Tula gingerbread was used med.Tula gingerbread./Photo: b1.culture.Historia silent when Tula confectioners steel oven printed cakes. However, in the beginning of the XIX century in Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow fairs great demand these sweets. They were made using wooden forms, which were unique and it was possible to learn which pastry chef bake it. Tula is also famous for his weapon and skilled gunsmiths, and often these artists worked, cutting out shapes for gingerbread. Lime, used to make carved print blocks had to dry for from 5 to 20 years.An ancient form of Tula gingerbread./Photo: hobbyblog.addinterface that for fairs, held not in Tula gingerbread was baked in the city where was located the market. This was beneficial because when the transportation of bakery products could suffer – dry in the rain, to wrinkle or be damaged by mice and rats. So the bakers were carrying boards, and they purchased flour, honey and everything else that is needed for the production of sweets. Over time, this gingerbread steel oven and other bakers, not just Tula. After the revolution the Tula gingerbread was under an unofficial ban as a relic of the bourgeois past. But in 1954, the all-Union agricultural exhibition found printers, restored the recipe, and from that moment began the second life of the stick. He liked Nikita Khrushchev, who ordered the confectionery industry to begin mass production of the Tula gingerbread.

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