Mysterious Sami: why they are considered the most ancient Northern people, and why they are castrated deer teeth

Mysterious Lapps.The Sami are an indigenous Northern people. Their population according to various estimates range from 60 to 80 thousand people. The representatives of this nation can be found in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia. According to the national census, provided in 2010, in Russia there are about 1800 of the Saami. Despite the small numbers, the Saami seek to preserve the identity, to observe the ancient customs and features of everyday life.Sami./Photo: www.milesmorgantravel.co.uk

Laplantine, Lapps, Sami

Such small people several times over the history of its existence the name changed. Traditionally, the sámi belong to the Finno-Ugric, but many scientists are inclined to believe that their direct ancestors were representatives of more ancient peoples — Pskov Chud. The Sami people in their homes in 1900.Russians and Scandinavians brought their names Sami «Lapps», «Lope», «lapane». A little later they were named «Laplandia» and the territory in which they lived — Lapland. Subsequently, the self, the Saami have become the most common and entrenched in the minds of his contemporaries. National costumes of the Sami people./Photo: finugor.giperemiei in their regular life have made the invading civilization, particularly strong in the traditional culture of the Saami impact of the Great October revolution and Soviet collective farms. They had to break their foundations and to learn a new way of life. But now, many Saami are grouped to preserve the original traditions and to restore lost.

Features of the Saami

Scientists and travelers who happened to meet with Sami, describe them in different ways. According to their observations, the Sami have a small growth, thin and wiry. Among them are hard to come by well-fed people, this is due to supply. Large skull, large blue eyes, sloping forehead, flat nose, dark hair — this is a generalized portrait of the representatives of this nation. They are agile, fast and resilient due to their semi-nomadic way of life. In the traditional religious beliefs of the Saami have much in common with the beliefs of the North Asian peoples.Sami wary, distrustful and suspicious of all strangers, their isolation and environment impose certain imprint on the mental and emotional development. They are cunning, are sometimes greedy and selfish. At the same time, the researchers note their loyalty and devotion to the partner, honesty, hospitality. Possess the Sami people and the developed mental abilities. This confirms the fact that they fully provide itself with all necessary. Kola (Russian) sámi./Photo: news.vmurmanske.ru

Traditional classes, meals, outfits

Until the XVII century, the only occupations of the Saami people was fishing and hunting. And later there was active development of reindeer herding, which for many has become the main occupations. The Sami living on the coast, engaged in catching valuable species of fish. Spread the fur industry. Traditional food of the Sami — reindeer fish products. Most happy to drink reindeer milk and eat products made on its basis. Sami with reindeer./Photo: abfund.oldnational clothing for men and women is Yupa (CUFT) — woolen or linen shirt, straight cut. The men had tied his leather belt, which traditionally was a knife, flint and purse charms. They also wore shirts of bright calico complete with cloth or leather pants. Women wore shirts or tunics of satin, complemented the set with the apron. In winter the Foundation of the wardrobe was the clothes of reindeer skins and insulated cloth caps. In the summer, the head of a married woman adorns is similar to a kokoshnik Shamshur, and the girls wear a bandage in the form of a cylinder. As the shoes are «Kan’gi», which is based on fur or suede from deer skins. In cold use Yary — high fur boots. The sámi religion differs depending on their place of residence. In the Scandinavian countries the majority of believers profess Lutheranism in Russia — Orthodoxy.

The life of modern Saami in Finland and in Russia

Recently in Russia paid much attention to the problems and challenges of existence and development of small Nations. Nevertheless, the Saami in Finland live in slightly better conditions. There exists a cultural autonomy, which protects the rights of the Saami as the oldest inhabitants of Finland. Their way of life, cultural and religious customs, national traditions protected by law. Young Sami people./Photo: avatars.mds.yandex.netРоссийские Sami also seek to study its roots. Young representatives of this nation is increasingly showing interest in learning the native language, historical facts, cultural customs.

Unusual facts about the Sami

In the food consumed all the deer except the head and lungs, which are normally fed the dogs.For the revival and popularization of the native language of the Saami in Russia, Saami was created by radio. It is based on the enthusiasm of the active members of this small nation and allows you to attract the public to the problem of disappearance of the historical dialects. The Finnish Saami there was a very popular unit — poronkusema. It indicates the distance that the deer can pass without stopping to empty, and is equivalent to approximately 7.5 km away. At the present time this word is used to designate in advance the unknown distance. Modern Lapps./Photo: artmmuseum.hisami have their own football team, which in 2006 won the world Cup among the unrecognized national teams. Sami, as well as representatives of other Northern peoples in antiquity castrated deer teeth. This method did animals more docile, but in contrast to the complete removal by the knife, did not affect the production of testosterone, which helps the deer to gain the necessary muscle mass. And in times of poor veterinary this method was more sterile than leaving open wounds. Deer — faithful companions of Sami.One of the most tragic episodes in the history of the Sami is reflected in the feature film. It was filmed in 2008 and is called «Revolt in Kautokeino».It seems an incredible story about how as nomadic herders from the far North was at the center of Europe and became Hungarians.

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