Pomeranian casting: Unique colors of Russian enamel of the Vyg monastery

Samples Vygovskaya Christian metal of XVIII — XIX centuries. Vast, heroic spaces of the North of the European territory of our country, always give the joy of communicating with diverse folk art, among which are admirable works of casting of small sculpture, decorated with enamel.Image Vygovskaya abode (fragment of a wall list «the Genealogical tree of Andrew and Denisov Seeds», the beginning of the XIX century)Distribution of casting products cover a vast territory of the Russian North, which includes present-day Karelia, Northern Arkhangelsk region and Komi Republic.In 1695 fugitives from Novgorod chapels of the old believers founded the monastery in the basin of the river Vyg, the former Olonets province, among the untrodden taiga and swamps.House of highway in Vygovskaya desert.Soon the monastery was founded foundry.«…inasmuch as the desert of priase custom… crosses copper lithium ancient samples…» — came to us the message of one of the founders of the desert.«…Novgorodian people Posad Basil Evstratov… pours copper sites in individuals images with the nephew of his…» — wrote an eyewitness. His testimony gives a reason to believe that craftsmen working in small groups, in which there was no division of labor; the artist has found a natural extension in the skill of the caster.Vygovskaya masters liked to depict saints venerated in the Novgorod lands. Here Paraskeva Friday, Florus and Laurus, George and Nicholas the Wonderworker. Often used favorite compositional scheme of the heyday of Novgorodian art; had the characters standing in a row, giving them traits taken from national life.Vygovsky masters little embarrassed proportional discrepancies in the figures of the characters. His Holy — people, taken from real life, the appearance of which left an imprint physical labor. They are chunky, angular, but always simple and sincere.Flourishing foundry falls on the period when the monastery was Andrei Denisov (1716-1730), received excellent at the time education.Large tricuspid skladen, Vygovski, XIX centuryTraveling a lot through Russia on Affairs of the desert, he strikes up a business relationship with merchants, industrial people, influential personages in Moscow and St Petersburg studying the works of the national Russian art. By Denisova Vygovskaya casters were acquainted with the latest trends of Russian art of the time.Vygovskaya artists are now much more attention is paid to the depiction of figures, their proportions, the portrayal of persons, the development of folds of clothes.Then Vygovskaya masters begin to «restore enamel». The technique of applying enamel to the surface of the products was very diverse: a lead enamel cloisonne type, where the role of partitions done fine floral or geometric motif, applying white and colored dots on the same background, the mould from one color to another without sharply defined borders, etc. In the work with enamel Vygovskaya masters have achieved true virtuosity.Tricuspid skladen, Vygovski, XIX century To the middle of the XVIII century Vygovskaya masters attain the highest professional skills; products by this time become not only artistic but also technical excellence. Casting casting with thin, fine molding, attention to detail. It was the heyday of so-called Pomor casting, which lasted until the mid-NINETEENTH century.The triptych «Deesis Davetileguy», XIX century.Art «artisans coppersmiths», warmed and wise touch sensitive hands’ — our heritage, a particle of spiritual life of modern man, another evidence of the eternal desire of our people to goodness and beauty.Author: Prokofiev
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