Russian bone lace: How to create masterpieces Kholmogory masters

Unsurpassed masters of ivory carving, of course, considered to be Chinese craftsmen, because in China this craft have been doing for thousands of years. But in Russia, too, and there was a lot of talented carvers. Especially rich and glorious history at Kholmogory bone carving school. Museums around the world keep the most beautiful examples of caskets, boxes, miniature cabinets, made in the technique of openwork Kholmogory bone carving.In the far North bone carving has long been a traditional fishery. And it’s no wonder residents here in large quantities produce not only fish but also the fangs of walrus, here called «fish tooth». There have also been, found fossil mammoths. And walrus and mammoth ivory are the perfect material for carving. Walrus ivory is very beautiful – it is either white or yellowish, its structure is heterogeneous. As for mammoth ivory is unique and very durable material. For thousands of years as a result of the mineralization of the tusks acquire a variety of colors – they can be orange, pink, purple… was Particularly famous for the skill of the carvers from Kholmogory. The settlement arose in XIV century on the banks of the Northern Dvina river, is the birthplace of this ancient craft.Kholmogorovka carvers mastered and skillfully mastered a variety of techniques for working with bone, engraved, painted, relief and openwork carving…The planimetric carving or engraving on actigraphically use when you want to achieve an impressive effect, maximally preserving the natural beauty of the material used. Mainly it is used on canines of walruses and the teeth of sperm whales.Openwork carvingTraditional Kholmogorskaya curl

Kholmogorskaya icons

Most of them are related to the XVIII – early XIX centuries Made icons with great skill, particularly impressive is the subtle and expressive the relief carving of the depiction of saints.Icon «Demetrius, Metropolitan of Rostov» Arkhangelsk province, the Middle of the XVIII century mammoth Ivory Relief carving, engraving. GIMA is a rare and one of the most valuable icons of the «Transfiguration». Very nice on her frame, made in the form of tapes and rokala (element of the ornament of the Rococo style, similar to the pinstripe bowl).The Icon «Transfiguration»Icon «the last supper»Carver Bobretsov, Mikhail Nikitich Icon «the Crucifixion with bystanders» Arkhangelsk province the Second half of the nineteenth century, Walrus Tusk, bone, wood, fabric, paper, Relief, openwork carving, engraving. GIMIcon «Resurrection», the second half of the XVIII century, Work of the master of Kholmogorskaya Bone, wood, mica, openwork carving, relief carving, colored engravingIcon «Resurrection»,the first half of the nineteenth century the Work of masters of Kholmogory Bone, wood, fabric, openwork carving, relief carvingIcon «the Resurrection and the 12 feasts» Arkhangelsk province the Second half of the XVIII century mammoth Ivory, ebony, wood Tracery, relief carving. GIM

Portraits and sculptures

Portraits of Grand Duke Pavel Petrovich and Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna Arkhangelsk province. 1776-1780-e mammoth Tusk, wood, mica, paper, Relief, openwork carving, paintingPortrait of Empress Catherine II, Arkhangelsk province. 1760 mammoth Ivory, wood, leather, metal Openwork, relief carving, engraving. Girdle give greater solemnity to the portrait, the engraver has placed it in a magnificent frame of the many Kholmogorskaya curls.Many young artists wanted to surprise everyone with his ability, cut out something extraordinary, that before them no one did. One day two brothers once boasted that I could cut out images of all the Russian tsars. And while the ability to cut portraits were considered as the highest degree of skill. And what? After a few years they were able to perform what he promised — on a decorative plate carved of 61 portrait of rulers from Rurik and ending with Elizabeth. Carver Fur Yakov Ivanovich Decorative plate «Genealogy» Kholmogory. 1774. Walrus ivory, wood, fabric, Openwork, relief carving, colored engraving. GIMThe sculpture «Peter I — the winner of the Swedes» . 1780s-1790s mammoth Ivory, ebony, wood, fabric Volume, relief, turning, carving, engraving. GIMEquestrian statue of Peter Velikokomarovka and mammoth ivory is a lovely material for chess: Russian craftsmen carved them from the XVII century. Chess. Walrus ivory. Volumetric carving, engraving, painting. GIMChess. Arkhangelsk province of the XVIII century. Mammoth ivory, Walrus ivory turning, relief carving, colored engraving

Boxes

Casket. The unknown Carver of the family Shesheninyh (?). Moscow. Armory (?) The end of the 17th century a mammoth Tusk. Delicate relief carving. GIM Casket is assembled from individual bone plates.Casket headrest Arkhangelsk province. XVIII century Wood, mammoth Tusk, walrus Tusk, paper the Relief carving, colored engraving, paintingThe casket-chamber the Unknown Carver. Moscow (?). 1718-1725. Mammoth ivory, metal. The relief carving, engraving. 17x13x11,5. GIM The casket-chamber wedding Arkhangelsk province. 1780-e mammoth Tusk, walrus Tusk, baleen, wood, mica, paper cut-outs, coloured engraving, colouring. GIMThe casket-chamber wedding Russian North. 1770-1780-E. Wood, walrus Tusk, fabric, silver, paper. Openwork, relief, turning, carving, engraving. GIMBoxes «the Court of king Solomon», «Smokers», «Box-slipper», «Box-egg». The second half of the XVIII century, Walrus Tusk, Openwork, relief carving, engraving

Table cabinets

Its form resemble a secretaire with many drawers, but without countertop. Table cabinetsTable cabinets ser. XVIII centuryTable cabinets-podcast VVIII century walrus ivory

End of XVIII-beginning of XIX century

At the turn of XVIII-XIX century masters finally unleash your imagination: from under their chisel out intricate patterns, portraits, genre compositions, consisting of several figures. Box for needlework is St. Petersburg (?). The end of the XVIII century Walrus Tusk, wood, fabric, foil, metal. Turning, cut-outs, the relief carving. GIMDevice ink with monogram «MZ» «YZ» Saint Petersburg in the Late XVIII — early XIX century. Walrus Tusk, wood, foil, paper. Turning, delicate, three-dimensional carving. GIMMonument to Minin and Pozharsky. Table sculpture. The Work Of A. Korzhavina. The beginning of the XIX century

XIX century

Classicism, a new style of the beginning of XIX century, could not fail to affect the work of Kholmogory masters – they become more strict and concise form, but their ornamentation was more petite. It was then the work of Kholmogory carvers became known as jewelry. Cover the toilet box. The first quarter of the XIX century. Kholmogory Arkhangelsk province. Bone, wood, paper. Carving, engraving. Russian Museum.Fan. The second half of the XIX century.The chain of the order of St. Andrew . 21 openwork medallion. Arkhangelsk (?). 1819 (?) Walrus Tusk Openwork, relief carving, engraving . GIMThe painting «farewell to the Emperor Alexander I» Arkhangelsk province in the Second quarter of the nineteenth century, Walrus Tusk, wood, foil, cloth, paper, Textured, tracery, turning, carving, engraving, painting. Gymkata the creators of all these masterpieces, wizards, often remained unknown to us, a few names history is still preserved.

Brothers Sheshenina

In written documents of the XVII century, concerning the Kholmogory carvers, recorded that the local master, brothers Sheshenina was summoned to Moscow by the king to work in the Armory. They were instructed to refurbish the Royal ivory throne of Ivan III in the XV century made by Greek masters. Brothers-Pomors did not disappoint, with the work handled – was restored to the throne. Take a look at their gorgeous work and now this ancient throne is in the Armoury Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin.Bone throne. Gun Palatalised and I remained to work in the capital, and they worshiped there the best costerisan.

The Osip Khristoforovich Dudin

Was born in Arkhangelsk province in a peasant family.Now the museums are two of his carved mug made in 70-ies of the XVIII century. They Dudin carved relief portraits of Russian tsars and princes.One of them, 1774 — 1775 rr., stored in the Hermitage. On its surface amid delicate openwork carving in four rows located fifty-eight! portraits (from Rurik to Catherine II). Portraits are also embellished with the surface of the lid, which is crowned with images of symbols of power – crowns and power. Base mugs are made of the horns contrasting dark color.Dudin O. H. 58 Mug with portrait images. 1774-1775. Carved ivory, the State Hermitage MuseumMug ivory with carved portraits of High Personages, in the monastery sacristy.The Solovetsky monastery.The wizard of O. DudinBone cups with lids, Workshop Dudina O. H.: a Cup with a portrait of Empress Elizabeth in St. Petersburg (?). 1759-1760 mammoth Ivory turning, relief carving, engraving; Cup with portraits of Grand Duke Paul Petrovich, the Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna and Empress Catherine II to Saint Petersburg. 1776 (?) Mammoth ivory turning, fishnet, body, relief carved and painted. GIM

Vereshchagin Nikolay Stepanovich

One of the most famous artists of the late XVIII — early XIX centuries was Nikolai Vereshchagin. Preserved several of his masterpieces is the decorative vases which are now kept in the Hermitage.Workshop Vereshchagin, Vase «seasons» Arkhangelsk, 1790-E. Ivory (?), wood, silk, turning, openwork, relief carvingVereshchagin N. With. Vase. 1798. Carved bone State Hermitages in conclusion, a few of the magnificent works of modern Kholmogory masters-carvers:Sasha Alexander Stepanovich Box-turnip. 1978 Bone Openwork carving Vase «Curl». 1980 Bone carving Lomonosov MuseumOsipov Gennady, honored artist Haraboji turnip. 1995 Tusk of a mammoth. Openwork carving Box «Bird». 1995 mammoth Ivory Openwork, relief, three-dimensional carving Dressing box of «Birds». 2001 Bone, walrus Tusk. Openwork carving Knife «Fantasy». 2003 the Bone. Openwork, relief carving Norkin Valery Vladimirovich Knife for cutting paper. 2002 Bone Openwork, relief carvingProsvirin V. A. , honoured artist of the Russian Federation Vase «Rowan». 1982 the Tooth of a sperm whale Openwork, relief of desibabase «Hunter on ducks». 1987 the Tooth of a sperm whale Openwork, relief, three-dimensional carving Sculpture «bear Hunting»Alive great fishing!

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