Stitch by stitch: Images of women knitters in the paintings by old and modern masters of painting

Young embroiderer. Author: F. Zimm.Turning to the history of painting from different eras, it’s safe to say that artists in all ages been attracted to images of women engaged in some needlework. No exception was embroidery and sewing. This is corroborated by a great many surviving paintings by old and modern painters with the image of the embroiderers and seamstresses.

A bit of history of the art of embroidery

Few people know that such crafts as embroidery is deeply rooted in the primitive age. Although ancient embroidery bears little resemblance to the miraculous work of seamstresses created much later.The woman behind the manufacture of bone needles. Primitive «masters» in his work resorted to a variety of assistant drugs that indirectly resembled modern needles, thread and fabric. Turning a sharp stone and bone served as a needle, veins, hair, and wool threads, animal skin fabric. These products were a little attractive, but other materials in the nature did not exist, and a person is not able to produce the necessary sewing materials on your own.It is noteworthy that the first stitches are made with a cross, appeared in the primitive age, when women sewed the pieces of skin between them, using them as clothes. This is the most popular type of stitches later became known as the «cross.» Popularity of these stitches have acquired a lot of centuries later with the advent Christian faith.The girl behind the embroidery. Author: Everdingen, Cesar Boetius years Passed and people learned to spin thread, weave cloth, metal needle to do needlework and is beginning to acquire the shape that we’re used to seeing. Evidence of embroidery on fabric was found in China. They dated from 4-5 century BC. First base for the embroidery fabric was of wool, and later silk. Stitch in China have already started to embroider in the 1-2 century BC. Besides, we all know that in China, began to produce the first silk cloth.Embroiderer.After China, in Ancient India, were grown first and a flax woven fabric having a suitable structure under the embroidery. This fabric started to be used widely for sewing clothes.Ancient Egyptian papyrus.In Ancient Egypt the patterns and the richness of the embroidery was determined by social position. The rich, colorful embroidery was applied to clothing only royalty — pharaohs. And in the lower strata of society, it was much more modest or nonexistent. Beading came about when he produced the first bead. And it was first made by the Egyptians about III thousand years BC. However, ancient Egyptian beads little resembled the modern. Beads was in the form of drops, and at length reached 1.5 to 3.5 cmZolotoshveyka. Author: Yuriy Sergeyev.According to historical Chronicles, the first embroidered with gold thread appeared in Rome and Greece. It was incredibly luxurious ornaments, often they were decorated with silk cloth.Zolotoshveyka. Author: Vasily Tropinin. Embroidery Richelieu appeared in Europe in the 17th century and was named after its «discoverer» — cardinal Richelieu. And ribbon in embroidery was first used in France in the second half of the 18th century. By the way, they loved to embroider of Louis XV. Madame de Pompadour at embroidery. Author: Francois-Hubert Drouais. The skill of embroidery for centuries passed down from generation to generation. Women, embroidering, gave his embroidery magic value, thought patterns, consisting of certain characters. Each nation created its own traditions associated with embroidery, which evolved over centuries. Each embroidered symbol on the canvas had its own meaning and symbol. Embroidery had the property of amulets from evil spirits or to attract good luck. Lady Shallot. Author: John William Waterhouse.And in Russia since the pagan times the Slavic peoples began to lay the symbolic meaning of embroider designs. Lines, crosses, diamonds, which were decorated garment, had in the opinion of the people, a huge magical significance. Embroidered talismans and charms have been nurtured and passed down from parents to children. And embroidered by our great-great-great-grandmother almost everything: casual and festive clothes, linens, curtains, blankets, towels. They depicted a bright motifs symbolizing prosperity at home and health. Embroiderer. Author: S. N. Vinogradov. So embroidered over one day the needlewoman towel was considered a powerful talisman that can cure even fatal diseases. But this work can simultaneously perform several embroiderers. And that would be in time, began to embroider at dawn and sunset towel should be ready.A peasant girl embroidering. Author: A. G. Venetsianov.Many centuries in Russia, the materials used in embroidery were very expensive. Until the late 18th century, embroidery was available only to women from wealthy families and nuns. And since the beginning of the 19th century these crafts began to do simple peasant, using cheaper and easier materials. Every girl from a young age, long evenings sitting at her embroidery frame, dreamed I’d get married in hand-embroidered robes, with a dowry of embroidered blankets, pillows, towels, shirts. Portrait of E. P. Nesterova embroidering. Author: Nesterov M. V. Embroiderers were devoted not only to artists their works, and poets. Thus, it is appropriate to recall the wonderful poetic lines of the poet Hopes Krylova:From small Yes large,From poor to great With a needle you were in harmony,Sitting at embroidery garden.Embroiderer. (1878). Author: M. Zichy. In the living room,on the doorstep,Sitting comfortably by the window,Worked often, to dark,Tucked snug feet. Sitting lady with her needlework. Author: M. Munkácsy.Crept smoothly the seams,the Stitches lay in a row,And provided you As this will fit together. Young girl embroiders. (1890-1894). Author: Charles Frederick Ulrich.And pricked you finger,But the pain did not know the Secrets of God’s creative embroidery opened… Embroiderer. (1904). Author: L. Alma-Tadema. Portrait of sisters Waldgrave. (1780). Author: Reynolds, Sir Joshua.For needlework. Author: J. I. Lehman.Anna Dorothea foster and Charlotte Anna dick. Author: G. Stuart. Needlework. Author: I. E. Kalentieva. Lady embroidering in the shop. 1892. Author: Heinrich Strehblow.Embroiderer. Author: velázquez, Diego de Silva.The embroidery lesson. Author: Hugues Merle. Portrait of Madame Crozat. (1741). Author: Jacques-Andre-Joseph.Small embroiderers. Author: A. Anker. Little Shvachka. Author: Robert Papp.Young swicki. Author: Heinrich Hirt .Needlewoman. Author: Wenzel Ulrik Tornoe.Embroidering woman. (1750). Author: F. Mercier. Dressmaker. Author: Adolphe-William Bouguereau.The little seamstress. Author: Natasha MilashevichИскусство sewing and embroidery have developed over the millennia, and over the last century has grown into a favorite hobby of millions of women around the world. To date, however, embroidery has lost its meaning. It is no longer decorate clothes, create charms. And few appeals to the old ornaments in their work. Basically create his or embroider on a pre-drawn diagrams.In conclusion, I would like to note that machine embroidery first appeared in France in 1821, after the invention of a special machine, can not replace hand embroidery which carries a huge energy and heat of hands of masters.One of the oldest types of craft was crochet, which initially, until the 17th century was the prerogative of men, and then moved into the hands of women.

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