The ban on portraits, drunken regulations and other decrees of the Russian monarchs

The ban on portraits, drunken regulations and other decrees of the Russian monarchs.Looking at the Russian legislation 17-19 centuries, you notice how different the manners and customs of those times from the present. If the memoirs and reminiscences of contemporaries of the era are emotional and do not always reflect reality, the dry letter of the law describe reality in the most faithful way.

«Drinking» decrees of Peter the Great

The consumption of vodka and other alcoholic drinks Peter and I had approached with the utmost seriousness. The decree 1718 «About the dignity of the guest at the assemblies to be having a» meticulously spelled out how to act drunk and what to do with guests in various stages of intoxication. Those in the chair can not sit had to be put aside, not to disturb the dancers, sort the men from the women, «or when waking discomfiture will not be gathered». Lying to serve vodka was forbidden, even if asked, to avoid the risk of choking.Artist Stanislav Khlebovskoe. «The Assembly under Peter the great».Peter is credited with the decree of drunken sailors, coming ashore in a foreign voyage. Sailor over to the state of unconsciousness, could avoid punishment if lying with his head to the pier. It was believed that a drunk tried to the ship, but failed to reach.

Elizabeth did not hold in the bear’s house

Elizabeth I proved to humane and progressive ruler. It abolished the death penalty and particularly sophisticated torture. Caring about the safety of the urban population, the Empress banned fast driving through the streets and imposed fines for swearing in public. Stopped common practice then to keep in the homes of the wealthy bears. Very reasonable is the decree nedozvoljena to appear to the court to the persons in whose house the measles or smallpox. Portrait of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna of Louis Caravaque.It is impossible not to share the understandable anger of the Empress, caused to issue a decree of 11 March 1747 «On napisanii portrait of her Imperial Majesty unskilful masters.» But the decree «On anyone not wearing the rich dresses of gold and silver, in addition to military personnel and visiting foreigners…», published on 11 December 1742, reflects the desire of the Empress not to allow the ladies to beat her in dresses.Historical anecdote on «hair setting», according to which all court ladies should amritsa bald and wear black shaggy wigs, most likely, a joke and is, as in the decrees of Elizabeth, nothing like this is available.

Catherine II: selected passages from the Charter of the Deanery

Catherine II, took the throne, tried to bring order into the legislative system of the Russian Empire. The main instrument of the rule of law became a Charter decorum, the equivalent of a modern Criminal code. Some of the items look very unique from our point of view, but then these issues were very relevant.So, the priests could not under the threat of a fine to marry young boys with big girls. Marriages of older men with young girls are not affected.Artist Firs Sergeevich Zhuravlev. The sorceress.Seven men were forbidden to enter public (shopping) women’s bath, and women to appear in male. It was not just punished with a fine in the amount of semi-diurnal inmate’s confinement, but also made the bath to drown.Article 224 confirmed a ban on all kinds of witchcraft by tracing on the ground or Smoking, as well as «frightening monster». It is strictly forbidden:- air or water forecasts;- the interpretation of dreams or visions quest;- quest of the treasure;- equipment for paper, grass, or drink.Any action from the extensive Arsenal of the Russian witches were punished with fines the size of a daily food of a beggar – a modern analogue of a living wage. Fully restore order in Russia Ekaterina and failed. «I was robbed, but that’s a good sign, it means there is something to steal» — wittily noticed it in one letter.

Samodelnye the laws of Paul I

The desire to build any rule in the law has led to the fact that the reign of Paul I was marked by a strange decrees provoked contemporaries. «I wish better to be hated for the right cause than loved for a wrong thing». The newly-minted Emperor established a curfew prohibiting in buildings to light after eight in the evening. At night the streets were allowed to go only to the guards, midwives and priests to the dying. That the society was infected with dissent, from abroad, imported books and notes, and in Russia the word «citizen», «doctor» and «follow» was supposed to change to: «Everyman», «the doctor» and «execute». N. And. Argunov. Portrait of Emperor Paul and a Great attention Paul I was paid to appearance and attire. The Emperor abolished the fashion round hats and high boots. Instead of tuxedos was supposed to wear a German dress with stand-up collar and cuffs in the color of the collar. Decree of 1799 prohibited the hair combed forward, only backwards, and men to wear whiskers.Eccentricities of Paul I there are a lot of jokes, but the punishment for failure to follow absurd orders followed serious. So, Nathan Adelman cites facts when touchy Emperor for «audacious conversations» imprisoned for life Colonel Knutova, and for an unsuccessful caricature was sent to prison non-commissioned officer Meshkov, previously punished with a whip and snatching the nostrils. Not quite the same situation as in the reign of Elizabeth, modest prohibit «unskilful artists to paint portraits».

Humane laws strict Emperor

By the time of Nicholas I, the laws were strongly increased. Now did not act alone Discipline regulation, and a range of statutes, collected works of S. M. Speransky in a single Set of laws. When the full extent of the reign of Nicholas I, laws wore humane. Thus, the head «About fights and personal grievances» consisted of 15 articles and started with the words: «Everyone is obliged to live in irreproachable love, peace and harmony… and try to prevent misunderstandings, quarrels, disputes and debates, which can lead to frustration and resentment». Fist fights were considered «fun bad», it was forbidden to wear on the outside of the cane with a blade inside, and at private festivities «to use artillery». A. Kivshenko. The laying of Nicholas I on of count Speransky sash of St. Andrew.At the same time, freedom of thought is not welcome – Statute on censorship contained the 230 articles, for which he was nicknamed «iron», and the criminal code were crimes against the faith, she’s pretty tough. So, Jews were forbidden to employ Christians to work, and home theatres to dress up in monastic dress. Continuing the theme of hot historical a dozen of the great failures of Peter. And the great monarch were failures.

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