The most famous Spanish girl on six portraits of Velazquez: the Sad fate of the Infanta Margarita Teresa Spanish

The most famous Spanish girl.Almost everyone familiar with the appearance of a little girl with immortal paintings of Diego Velazquez — Infanta Margarita Teresa, even from a young age, doomed to become the wife of the brother of his mother. And, as Margaret lived in Spain, and Leopold in Vienna, to the court of fiance almost every year he sent the portrait of the Infanta, so he could observe how growing up his bride. Therefore, the small Museum of Velasquez in childhood, so we often had to pose for the famous artist that in the end she left the world of painting far more vivid than the trail in politics. However, the fate of the blond Princess, forever frozen on the numerous portraits of famous Spanish painter, was very sad.The parents of the Infanta: the King of Spain Philip IV./ Austrian Marianne the second wife of Philip IV. (1660) Author: Diego Velasquez.Margarita Teresa was born in 1651 in Madrid in a family of Spanish king Philip IV and Marianna of Austria, Princess Imperial branch of the Habsburg dynasty. The parents of the Infanta had each other close relatives — uncle and niece. Besides, Philip was almost thirty years older than young wife. After marriage 12 years, Marianne was finally able to give birth to the first child. Infante Margarita Teresa almost from birth, began to prepare for a wife, the future Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I. the Word preparing for the next related marital Union between representatives of the Habsburg dynasty, which was to strengthen the position of Spain and the Roman Empire, against the French Kingdom.Leopold I. Betrothed to the Infanta Margarita was older than her by 11 years and had her uncle’s maternal cousin and paternal uncle. The Habsburgs welcomed inter-family marriage, from the point of view of genetics was flagrant, which led to the birth of dead or unhealthy children. In a word, the constant consanguinity in marriage completely ruined the gene pool of the genus, but in those days nobody paid attention.Las Meninas. Author: Diego Velasquez.And anyway, thanks to the family the marriage contract we, centuries later, can admire the portraits of the Infanta, which were written annually and sent to the groom, the brother of her mother, the future Emperor Leopold I. a Kind of «photo reports» is evidence of the fact as a teenage bride. While at the court of Philip IV, fortunately, worked brilliant painter, portraitist Diego velázquez, who with such awe and love portrayed little angel, very cute and fun. Parents and relatives so her name was angel, and the king in the letters «my sweetheart». Future Queen was raised by all the rules of Palace etiquette and given an excellent education.Diego Velasquez. «Las Meninas» (Maids Of Honor). (1656). Royal Prado Museum. Author: Diego Velasquez.Elegant dress of heavy brocade, embroidered with gold and silver, as the booking was put fragile baby body. Pale blond hair, and the lustre of her eyes — a distinctive feature of all the portraits of Velasquez. «The first portrait of the Infanta Margarita.» Author: Diego Velasquez.When Velazquez painted the first portrait of Margaret, he was 54 years old, and a girl or two. The artist admires the baby, and with trembling betrays on canvas still short soft hairs, and round baby cheeks. The little girl is still so small that wearing a dress without a crinoline, but richly decorated. In such went, in those days, both girls and boys.In order to alleviate the plight of the small models during the long posing, the painter let the girl lean on the Desk a little, and secondly, she took up the fan — «just like an adult.» Facial expression tells about the discontent and the indignation of a child torn from their usual games and amusements, and specified in an uncomfortable position for a long time. The result is a portrait of a simultaneously Grand, and surprisingly lively, which is very typical for all images Margarita Velazquez. Portrait of the Infanta Margarita (1655). The Louvre, Paris. Author: Diego Velasquez.A few years later, Velazquez will again write a portrait of the Infanta looking on which experience all the same affection and admiration. The position will remain the same as in the first portrait, but the dress will heavier crinoline, but in the eyes of the ruddy girl is already doomed. Somehow, it seems that the little model is ready to burst into tears. Diego Velasquez. Portrait of the Infanta Margarita in a white. (Margaret six years). (1656). The Kunsthistorisches Museum. Vienna.At the age of six Margarita posing already like a grown-up — without props. Curls of Golden hair, tight corsage, hands gracefully touching the skirt. And no face — interest.«Portrait of the Infanta Margarita in blue». (1659). The Museum of art history. Vienna. Author: Diego Velasquez.Infanta Margarita in a luxury heavy velvet dress of blue colour, which is reflected in her eyes. So it seems blue-eyed blonde, a look which curiously studying the artist. Heavy robe pulled the girl to the floor, «but she is struggling to keep a solemn expression. And yet the artist never forgets that writes at least the Royal, but the child’s round cheeks quite childish, and his large eyes reflected the sparkles of dignity.» Many critics believe that in this portrait the beauty of the young Princess reached its climax. Later, as an adult, Margaret will acquire the features of Habsburg: the angularity of the face, the bulge of the lower lip and chin octopyranoside. Diego Velasquez. Infanta Margarita in pink, 1660, Prado, Madrid the Picture of the artist began to write in the year of his death.And here is a 9-year-old Margarita — in pink. The crinoline of her dress becoming neobyatnoy, hairstyle — still more magnificent, and the view is darker. Diego Velazquez will soon die. This is the last portrait of Margaret his brush.Portrait Of The Infanta Margarita. Author: Francisco de La Iglesia.In the future, the portraits of the Infanta will have to write other artists from the Spanish court. Francisco Ignacio Ruiz de La Iglesia’ll write the Princess as a charming young girl. In his portrait features of the face margaritas have become a little sharper, the figure is more refined, and in the eyes — emptiness.Unknown artist. Infanta Margarita Teresa (1664).Brown hair Princess, the focus of a face is removed in the lower part with a heavy chin, his expression unhappy. Apparently, the love of the artist to the model — an essential condition of the master for writing portraits, which was to the full inherent only to the portraits of Velasquez. Infanta Margarita Teresa. (1665). Author: Gerard du Chateau. Fourteen Infante will be written by Gerard du Chateau, presenting the viewer with a completely different face: dull dark bulging eyes (she really was suffering from disease of thyroid gland), plump lips and heavy chin thrust forward. In addition, the shape of the nose and of the skull is very strange. This leads many to the idea that Velasquez in his works embellish Infante, which is called «smoothed corners». How to know how the paintings of that era was consistent with the appearance of the model.Portrait Of Margaret Of Austria (1665 — 1666). Author: Juan Batista Mazo de Martinez — in-law and pupil of Velasquez, who took after him the post of court painter. Here we see Infante in mourning for the death in 1665 of her father Philip IV. But in the next year a young girl was expecting a happy event: she got married. For the formal procedure of marriage in 1666, Margarita went from Madrid to Vienna, accompanied by his entourage. She was fifteen and the groom twenty — six.A companion portrait of the Emperor and his young wife. Author: Ian Thomas. Ian Thomas has created a companion portrait of the Emperor and Empress. Margaret and her husband dressed in bright costumes, and that is clearly evident – what fun and happiness glow on their faces.The celebrations last for the wedding of Leopold I and Margarita Teresa went down in history as one of the most spectacular and grandiose in that era and lasted more than a year. If only their magnitude depended the happiness and prosperity of the family, Leopold and Margarita they would be enough until the end of days. However, family happiness, alas, was fleeting, and life is pretty Princess — short… Portrait of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I. Although numerous eyewitnesses claimed that it was a happy marriage. The couple had many common interests, they were United not only family ties, but the love of art and music. Looking at the portraits of uncle and niece, the family can see the signs of the Habsburg dynasty. Although the Margarita was very, very pretty.As a rule, the fertility and survival of offspring in the family when marriages are a big problem. The first heir to Margaret, giving birth to already in 1667, after buried. In six years of marriage, Margarita Teresa gave birth to four children, three of whom died in infancy. Survived by only daughter — Maria Antonia.«Impraticabili annual pregnancy completely undermined the health of the young women. Besides, educated at the Royal court in Madrid, Infanta, became the Empress, remained a hot Spaniard. She never learned German. The haughty arrogance of her entourage led to anti-Spanish sentiment among the Imperial court.The subjects of the Emperor did not conceal the hope that the sick Empress will soon die and the Leopold I will be able to marry a second time. This unbearable situation was very sad Margarita. She died very young at 21 years of age, forever leaving behind the painted image.The portrait of his daughter Maria Antonia (1669 — 1692), who became the wife of Maximilian II.And continuing the theme still 11 intriguing and unexpected facts about the world’s most famous paintings.
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