Life before Baptism
When was the Grand Prince is not known. Historians date the birth of the grandson of St. Olga, between 957 and 962 years. Somewhere in the province of Pskov province was born the youngest son of a stern warrior Prince Svyatoslav Igorevich and his concubines, his housekeeper Malusha. However, it is believed that Malusha was the drevlyani Princess, then it seems quite in a different light. Her marriage to Prince Svyatoslav ceases to be a trivial love affair, and becoming an important public-political act of legitimizing the ruling Norman dynasty. Grand Prince Igor and Princess Olga — the grandfather and the grandmother of Vladimir the Red Sun.Vladimir was incredibly lucky that he was born in pagan times, and therefore had the right to inherit the throne. Kiev Prince share power among his three sons. At the behest of father Vladimir was assigned to Novgorod. The brothers began to quarrel for the right to sole possession, and mentor Dobrynya took 12-year-old Vladimir away from his home to the Vikings. After 3 years they returned, and after a bloody strife began autocratic Principality of Vladimir, which lasted in Russia a full 37 years. Kiev Prince Svyatoslav — the father of Vladimir the Red Sun. Portrait of Tsar titulyarnik. XVII century Vladimir, according to tradition, chroniclers were particularly brutal, violent temper and imperiousness. He was passionately fascinated by the rituals of sacrifice, war, and nation building. Duke made victorious campaigns against Poland, vyatiches, radimiches etc. Vasily Vasnetsov. Mr Gentile.But his main weakness was female. It was surrounded by an incredible Pantheon of women of different classes and religions. He simultaneously was 5 pagan marriage and owned a harem of hundreds of concubines. He had 13 sons and 11 daughters. From the song words can not erase. Moreover, from the «tale of bygone years»:»was Vladimir defeated by lust. Were his wife: Rogneda, which was placed on the Lybid river, where now is the village of Preslaven, from her he had four sons: Iziaslav, Mstislav, Yaroslav, Vsevolod and two daughters; of the Greek he had Svatopluk, from chenini — Vysheslav, and even from one wife — Svyatoslav and Mstislav, and by bulgarini — Boris and Gleb, and concubines he had three hundred in Vyshgorod, three hundred at Belgorod, and two hundred at Brest, in the village, which is now called Berestovo. And he was insatiable in fornication, leading to his married women and corrupting maidens. Was it the same woman lover, like Solomon, for they say that Solomon had seven hundred wives and three hundred concubines«.
The end of the Gentile tyranny
Orthodoxy Vladimir did not come immediately. He considered Judaism, and even Islam, the adherents of which insisted that religion endorses polygamy. That based on the behavior of the Prince, was a powerful argument. But the Governor gave preference to Christianity. Someone claims that the feat of his is a shrewd Greek philosopher, with whom he had a fascinating and long conversation, and someone prefers to remind that Vladimir was the grandson of Grand Duchess Olga, who was baptized in Constantinople in 957 and tried to instill in his grandson a love and respect for the Christian faith.The conversation of Vladimir with a Greek philosopher on Christianity. Radzyvillivskyy record.The adoption of Christianity were more political motivated. Cornerstone stumbling block was the issue of establishing trade relations with Byzantium. The Supreme and important figures of the Christian world reluctantly negotiated with the ardent advocate of paganism, was shunned and tried to leave aside. Vladimir took baptism, and became «actively proselytize» their subjects.The Baptism Of Vladimir. The Fresco By Vladimir Vasnetsov.Crimea. The Ruins Of Chersonese. The place where Prince Vladimir was baptized. / Photo: ruskline.giredana of the Emperor in the Byzantine tradition, according to the conventional version, was held in Chersonesus in 988. In exchange for this decision the Prince promised to marry the sister of the Emperor Basil II to Anna. There is a legend that the Duke of Russia with a team went to the ceremony of baptism, he was blind. But he had to Krestitelja as he saw the «true God» and had received his sight. Vyacheslav Nazaruk. The baptism of Kiev. Beginning of the divine Liturgy on the banks of the Dnieper.He was named the Church’s name Vasily. Prince Vladimir the Saint became known to the people of Clear Sunshine. Upon arrival in Kiev, Vladimir began to destroy the pagan paraphernalia and polls to baptize his retinue.«The baptism of the Rus». Miniature from srednerossijskogo translation of the chronicle of Constantine Manasses (Moscow census from 1345 is located in the State historical Museum).Helena Dovedova. The Overthrow Of Perun.And in 989 in Kiev began construction of the first Church of stone. The name of the tithe it was because the Emperor was allocated for the maintenance of the Church 1/10 of their costs, that is «tithing.»The Church of the tithes. A fragment of the layout of the center of ancient Kiev, the Museum of Institute of archeology NAS of Ukraine.The Foundation of the tithe Church today.In 1853 in Kiev was a monument to Prince Vladimir. From this hill, according to legend, was watching Prince on the baptism of Kiev in waters of Dnepr. The oldest monument in Kiev, harmoniously and effectively performed by architects from St. Petersburg, since the founding and to this day is one of the symbols of Kiev. On an octagonal pedestal in the form of a Byzantine Church towers over the Dnieper river by Prince Vladimir. In the dark cross in his hand, shining illumination, and tradition to illuminate the cross is stored for a long time. Initially, only the cross of Vladimir was illuminated with gas jets, and later – electricity – modern projectors.The monument to the Baptizer of Rus at Vladimirskaya Gorka in Kyiv.About the monument to Vladimir is legendary: that is hidden under the pedestal of the Church’s treasures; or that the pedestal serves to cap the underground well, which is only to disturb and a huge stream of water will wash away the entire city. The statue of Vladimir – a solid mystery that doesn’t exist in the city where the without special equipment it is possible to see the face of the Saint.
A great warrior and statesman
Saint Vladimir I the Red Sun (portrait of Tsar titulyarnik. XVII.) and his contribution to the history of Russia.Prince Vladimir during the years of his reign, made a lot of trips. He also proved himself as an expert negotiator and diplomat. He has been successful in the political arena, concluded advantageous contracts and agreements with the Byzantine Emperor Basil II, the Czech king Boleslav II, the Hungarian king Stephen II and Pope Sylvester II.The territory of Ancient Russia: from prophetic Oleg to Vladimir the Red Sun. That’s when Vladimir began the era of money minting silver and gold coins, the so-called «pieces of silver» and «zlatniki». Originally they were copied from Byzantine prototypes. Many of the coins were decorated with the image of the Prince on the throne, or his calligraphically derived name, given to him at baptism. Coin of the 10th century Prince Vladimir the Great.Through archaeological excavations, managed to find old coins and restore, what was the appearance of the king – a handsome man with a long mustache and short cropped beard.
The mystery of the relics of the Baptizer of Rus
Prince Vladimir was buried in a marble reliquary in the chapel the tithes of the temple once erected through his efforts. The relics of Prince Vladimir and Princess Olga, shared the tragic fate of the tithe Church, which was destroyed by the Horde in 1240. In 1635, the Metropolitan of Kiev found two sarcophagi, one of which, he supposed, were the relics of St. Vladimir. From the coffin removed only the head and right hand. Where did the rest of the body remained a mystery. Subsequently, the Prince’s head was placed in the main Church of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra of the assumption of the blessed virgin Mary, brush – in the Kiev Sophia Cathedral. The Cathedral of the assumption of the blessed virgin Mary, where the relics of St. Vladimir, on the territory of Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra.Part of the Holy relics was in Moscow, in the Dormition Cathedral. However, modern scholars have questioned the authenticity of this finding. The story of Vladimir and one of his wives Rogneda included in the interesting list of 10 divorces heads of state, important for the history of the world.