Riddles of the stone heads…/ Photo: ello.saluda always been interested in ancient civilizations and their incredible ability to create megaliths. One of these mysteries are carved stone heads of the Olmec civilization found in Mexico. These ancient giant sculptures depict people’s heads with flat noses, slightly slanted eyes and chubby cheeks. At the moment, excavated seventeen mysterious stone heads, but no one knows why they are located in a particular place, why they were made and how they were taken to the places where now found.The location of the giant heads./ Photo: indiansworld.ordervia archaeological investigations of Olmec civilization date back to 1938. Ironically, these expeditions have started after quite a long time after the opening of the first giant head in 1862 at Tres Zapotes.Monument La Venta 2.Seventeen giant stone heads of the Olmec have been found in four places along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico in places, which once flourished civilization of the Olmec.Unfinished colossal head La Venta 3.Most of the stone heads of the Olmec were carved from round boulders but two giant heads from San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, which was carved into a gigantic stone thrones. Interestingly, another monument, a massive stone throne, which is located in Takalik-AB in Guatemala may have been carved on the contrary — from the colossal heads. Monument A from Tres-Zapotes.This monumental throne is the only known example of such a thread that wasn’t found in the 4 places where were found stone heads. The exact age of these colossal heads still not fully installed. Scientists have studied the four places, where the heads of the Olmec San Lorenzo, La Venta, Tres Zapotes and Rancho La Kobata to get an idea of how they are related. The head of the Rancho La Kobata on the main square of Santiago Tuxtla.Monumental heads in San Lorenzo were buried around 900 BC, but there is clear evidence that they were created much earlier. Interestingly, despite the fact that (as scientists believe) heads from San Lorenzo, the oldest of all, they impress with their perfect carving. Monument Q Tres — Zapotes.With the Dating of other archaeological sites harder — sculpture in Tres Zapotes were displaced from their original creation, before they were studied by archaeologists, and the heads at La Venta was partially excavated and extracted from the earth, when they were found. Thus, the actual period of the creation of giant heads of the Olmec may cover a hundred and a thousand years.Stone head in the Museo Comunitario de San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan.All the Olmec stone heads belong to the early preclassic period of Mesoamerica (1500 BC — 1000 BC), although the two heads at Tres Zapotes and one head from Rancho La Kobata recognized as belonging to the middle preclassic period (1000 BC — 400 BC). Basically the Olmec civilization was located on the Gulf coast on a plot of approximately 275 km along the coast and 100 km inland (now at this point there are two modern Mexican States of Tabasco and Veracruz.Olmec stone head No. 10 from La Venta. Established in Villahermosa.The Olmec civilization is considered the first «major» culture in Mesoamerica — it has existed in this region of Mexico between 1500 BC and 400 BC As one of «the Six cradles of civilization» in the world, the Olmec civilization is the only one that has developed in the rainforest. It is believed that the cutting and placement of each colossal stone heads had to be approved by and coordinated Olmec rulers.Head # 8 of the San Lorenzo. It is installed in the Museum of anthropology in Jalapa.The construction had to carefully plan, taking into account the efforts associated with obtaining the necessary resources and manpower. Thus, it seems that only the most influential Olmecs could afford such. As for labour, it was necessary not only sculptors, but also boatmen, carpenters, guards and other artisans who helped to create and to move the sculpture.Head No. 1 San Lorenzo.In addition, it also needed the personnel required to feed all the workers. Also, it was necessary to take into account seasonal cycles and the water level in the rivers, in order to plan the production of huge sculptures. In fact, for the entire project, from beginning to end, could have taken years. Archaeological examination of Olmec creations allows you to suggest how exactly did these stone heads.Head # 7 of the San Lorenzo in the Museum of anthropology in Jalapa.First, the boulders first rough cut, chipping both large and small rock fragments. Then produced a thin thread with sculpted hammer. In the final stage used abrasive materials for sanding. The stone heads of the Olmec are different in that usually they had tchatelno carved faces, and much less scrupulously approached to details of hats and adornments on the ears. Head number 6 from San Lorenzo in the Museum of anthropology in Jalapa.All seventeen stone heads were carved from basalt stone that was mined in the Sierra de Los Tuxlas in the state of Veracruz. These boulders are found in areas affected by large volcanic landslides, which «lowered» huge boulders down mountain slopes. The Olmecs carefully selected boulders, which were originally in a spherical form to make it easier for them to give the appearance of a human head. Then the boulders were transported from the mountain slopes at a distance of 150 km. Head # 2 of the San Lorenzo in the National Museum of anthropology in Mexico city.Modern scholars wonder how the Olmecs could transport such large masses of basalt, especially because they had no draft animals, as well as this civilization did not use the wheel. Head of the Olmec vary in weight from six to fifty tonnes and a height of approximately from 1.5 to 3.65 meters. The back of these stone monuments often made flat. Head # 4 of the San Lorenzo during the exhibition at the Museum of young San Francisco.This led the scientists to assume that the original head was leaning against the wall during operation of the cutters. All the giant stone heads of the Olmec have unique hats. It is assumed that the Olmecs did (of course, in life, not the sculptures) such headdresses made of animal skin or tissue. Head No. 3 from San Lorenzo.Some of the stone heads are even visible to the knot on the back of the head, and the other headdresses decorated with feathers. Also most of the heads are large earrings in the earlobes. All heads are realistic replicas of the men. It is likely that they were sculptures of famous rulers of the Olmec. All 17 stone heads are on a regular basis in Mexico, mainly in museums of anthropology.For mayerials: thevintagenews.comContinuing the theme for all who are interested in history of ancient civilizations 15 little-known facts about the ancient Mayan civilization.
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