The woman behind the easel: 20 artists XVI — XIX centuries, have received international recognition

In the Studio». (1881). Author: Maria Bashkirtseva.Since ancient times, the painting, like other arts, was the prerogative of men. We have all heard the names of great artists from the Renaissance to the famous modernists and abstractionists of the twentieth century, inscribed in large letters their names in the history of world art. What can be said about not less talented women artists. Know about them not much. So historically, what talented women for centuries had to win a place under the sun in men. Conrad Chisel In the Studio. 1885 First began to appear on canvas, signed female names, only in the Renaissance. But to achieve full equality and recognition in fine art took another five hundred years. Only the beginning of the 19th century, women at the easel occupies a worthy page in the history of world art.The artist at his easel. Author: Pascal Adolphe Jean Danyang-Bureocracy portraits Rosalba Carrera, exquisite paintings of Marie Vigee-Lebrun, poetic images of Angelica Kaufman brought the artist international fame and respect. Berthe Morisot and Suzanne Valadon their expertly painted canvases have proven that they not only models that inspired the great Impressionists Auguste Renoir and Claude Monet, but also a talented artist.History of art and to this day is not particularly favorable to women artists. However, a decent female names male equivalent of the famous names in the field of painting is not so little as it seems at first glance.

Catharina van Hemessen (1528 -1587)

Caterina van Hemessen — daughter and student of the Dutch artist Jan van Hemessen. Was the court painter of Queen Maria of Austria.A self-portrait. Author: Catharina van Hemessen.

Sofonisba Of Anguissola (1532-1625)

Sofonisba Anguissola is a Spanish artist who was court painter to the king of Spain. Her hands belong a number of portraits of Royal family members and aristocrats. Her two sisters were also artists.A self-portrait. Author: Sofonisba Of Anguissola

Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614)

Lavinia Fontana was an Italian painter of the Bologna school.Self-portrait with the spinet. Author: Lavinia Fontana

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1653)

The name Artemisia Gentileschi — a symbol of the struggle for the right to be an artist in Italy. In the 17th century, she managed to become the first woman accepted in Europe’s oldest Academy of fine arts in Florence. Self-portrait as the allegory of painting. (1630). Author: Artemisia Gentileschi. The daughter of painter Orazio Gentileschi, were in the theme and styling a follower of Caravaggio. Her painting became a reflection of personal drama, as she had to endure a shameful judicial process associated with sexual violence. Therefore, the main theme of her work was women’s ability to defend own dignity.

Maria van Oosterwijk (1630-1693)

Maria van Oosterwijk is a Dutch artist of the Baroque master of still life.A self-portrait. (1671). Author: Maria van Oosterwijk.

Anna Vaser (1678-1714)

Anna Waser — Swiss artist and engraver. A self-portrait. Author: Anna Vaser.

Rosalba Carrera (1675— 1757)

Rosalba Carriera — Italian painter and miniaturist of the Venetian school, one of the main representatives of the Rococo style in art of Italy and France.Self-portrait with a portrait of sisters. (1715) Author: Rosalba Carrera.

Angelica Kauffman (1741-1807)

German artist, daughter of the painter Angelica Katharina Kauffmann was among the founders of the British Royal Academy of arts, and over the next century and a half, she and Mary Moser is an artist from Switzerland, were the only women in her membership. A self-portrait. Author: Angelica Kauffman.Michelangelo managed to achieve mastery in one of the most traditionally «masculine» genres — history painting — and become a recognized master of Neoclassicism.Angelica Kauffmann — self-Portrait 1787 Gallery Ufizzi.

Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun (1755-1842)

Еlisabeth-Louise Vigеe-Le Brun — French painter, master of portrait genre, a spokeswoman for the sentimental direction in classicism.A self-portrait. 1800. Author: Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun. Talented French portrait painter Marie Louise Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun enjoyed great popularity among the noble customers. It was so popular that 15 years of age could earn money to provide for themselves and contain the widowed mother and younger brother.Self-portrait 1790. Author: Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun. Sentimental genre allowed the artist to portray portrayed in a very favorable poses and elegant clothes, so Louise Vigee-Lebrun enjoyed the love among the French aristocracy and members of Royal families.Self-portrait in a straw hat 1782 Author: Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun.She wrote one of the first portraits of a young Marie-Antoinette, and later becoming the court artist will create about 30 portraits of her. During the French revolution Louise Vigee-Lebrun had to leave France and to travel around the world. Six years she lived in Russia. I was familiar with the Empress Catherine II, with whom he planned to write a portrait. However, no sooner had the Empress died had not yet started to pose.

Marguerite Gérard (1761 -1837)

Marguerite Gеrard — French painter, a pupil of Fragonard.The artist, writing a portrait of musicians. (1803). Author: Margaret Gerard.

Maria Bashkirtseva (1858-1884)

Bashkirtseva Maria Konstantinovna — a native of the village Havrontsi Poltava province, most of who lived in France, considered himself a Russian writer and artist. Died at 26 from tuberculosis.Will Avtoportret. Author: Maria Bashkirtseva.

Victoria Marie Lemon (1754-1820)

Marie Victoria lemon is a French artist who participated in art shows.A self-portrait. Author: Victoria Marie Lemon.

Marie Gabrielle Capet (1761-1818)

Marie-Gabrielle Capet graduated from the Royal Academy of Arts in Paris at a time when school were allowed to study only the four women at the same time. Was a talented portretista, masterfully wrote in watercolor, oil and pastel. Participated in art exhibitions and salons. Self portrait 1783 Author: Marie Gabrielle Capet.

Adelaida Label-Žiar (Vincent) (1749-1803)

Adеlaide Labille-Guiard — French artist-portrait painter, the first female founder of the Paris school of painting. Self-portrait with two models. (1785.) Author: Adelaida Label-Žiar.

Anna Vallye-Coster (1744-1818).

Anna Vallye-Fire — French artist, the daughter of the Royal jeweler, the favorite of Queen Marie-Antoinette.A self-portrait. Author: Anna Vallye The Fire.

Marie Elizabeth Cave (1809-1882)

As well known by the name of Eliza Blavot — French artist, writer and teacher of arts.A self-portrait. Author: Marie Elizabeth Cave.

Eliza Kunis (1812-1847)

Elisa Counis an Italian painter.Self-Portrait: Author: Eliza Kunis .

Carolina von der Andbe (1812-1904)

Caroline von der Embde — German artist.A self-portrait. Author: Caroline von der Andbe.

Rosa Bonheur (1822-1899)

Rosa Bonheur — French artist-animal painter.Portrait Of Rosa Bonheur. Author: Anna Klumpke.

Sofya Vasilyevna Sukhovo-Kobylin (1825-1867)

Sofya Vasilyevna Sukhovo-Kobylin — Russian artist who became the first woman to graduate from the Academy of fine arts with a gold medal.A self-portrait. Author: Sophia Vasilyevna Sukhovo-Kobylin.This list could go on to list the names and accomplishments of artists from around the world, who lived and worked in the 20th century. This Tamara de Lempicka with her spectacular works of Frida Kahlo with piercing pictures. And also excited, experiencing real delight at the sight of works of Russian artist Zinaida Serebryakova and Alexandra Exter.However, male artists still strive to downplay the role of women in art history and maintain the myth that they are bad artists: «Even if the painting at the art Academy of more than 90 percent are women, it is a fact that very few of them can become really great artists,» — said Georg Baselitz — famous German artist. Talented educated women in all times have had a hard time. Many had to abandon family ties for the sake of creativity, while remainingspinsters.

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