The worst ELEPHANT, not hot at ALGERIA and other camps of the Gulag, from where he returned not all

Kolyma. One of the camps of the Gulag.In the period from 1930 to 1960 in the territory of the USSR there was a labor camp of the Gulag. They were not only criminals, but often innocent people, on which hung the label of «enemy of the people». The number of innocent prisoners was great, they had to endure all the hardships of a severe camp life. And to return from behind the barbed wire home was destined not for everyone.


The largest correctional institution in the USSR was the Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp — an ELEPHANT. It was founded in 1923 on the territory of the Solovki archipelago, the site of a former monastery. As at the end of 1933, the official number of prisoners here was 19287 people, of which more than 10 thousand were killed.Solovki Special Purpose Camp was established on the site of a former monastery./Photo: 900igr.netЗаключенных sent to deforestation, the construction of the railway, the extraction of peat. From the definition of dependent daily share of bread. Sometimes to mock the prisoners, the guards forced them to do useless work: drag from place to place stones or count seagulls.In book 10 of the Solovki encyclopedia dedicated to the history of the camp, it is reported that one day, the head of the Elephant decided to teach 34 prisoners for the unfulfilled plan for harvesting, forcing those to be on the ice of the White sea and you can stand there the whole night at a temperature of minus 30 degrees. As a result, most died in the infirmary, and those who survived had to amputate frostbitten limbs.This was particularly difficult for women not to die from hard work and hunger, many of them engage in sexual relations with the guards, who gave them easier work. Rape also occurred. Often in such «unions» were born children, which, of course, the «fathers» did not recognize. Many women in desperation, killed the newborn, and after them was suicide.

Akmola «prison for mothers»

In 1938 in Kazakhstan was founded in Akmola camp for the repressed wives of traitors of the Motherland. ALGERIA — the so-called him inmate — was of a closed type, surrounded by several rows of barbed wire. Visits from relatives or letters here were strictly forbidden. So contained «particularly dangerous» criminals. Women were involved in the fields or in construction.Akmola camp for the repressed wives of traitors was surrounded by several rows of barbed wire./Photo: img.anews.somatoplasm in the barracks was not, therefore, prisoners of winter had fairly tight. The temperature did not exceed 6-8 degrees. To warm up, women collected the reeds from the lake, which was on the territory of the prison, and drowned them in the wood stove. By order of the prisoner should have been given warm clothes, but none gave nothing away.Survived the horrors of the camps of the Algerian Galina Stepanova-klyuchnikova recalled that some of the women here were infants who were placed in special barracks. Mothers were brought under escort and only for nursing. When the child was 3 years old, he was transferred to an orphanage. Mothers brought children under escort and only for feeding./Photo: museum alzhir.being 1939, the prison was transferred to normal mode, which meant the abolition of complete isolation from the outside world. Now the prisoners could receive parcels and to communicate with relatives. The first letter came from eight-year-old girl addressed to one of prisoners. On the back was listed the recipient’s address: «the City of Akmolinsk. Prison for mothers».

The Vorkuta penal servitude

One of the largest labor camps was Vorkutlag, through the walls of which were about 73,000 people. Here rounded up the traitors, spies and traitors. The prisoners were completely isolated from the outside world and did the hard work. Prisoners were forced into coal mining and construction of mines. A former prisoner Sulimov I. N. recalled that among the prisoners met the boys from 12 to 15 years. Exhausted far shipments and horrible power, they looked like wild animals, frightened and feral. Put them in there for disorderly conduct.In Vorkutlag rounded up the traitors, spies and traitors./Photo: www.nmosktoday.ruПитание, medical care and sanitary conditions left much to be desired. A malnourished and exhausted people were killed. Some sources report that the bodies piled in one room, and when sticking the cold, were taken on a sled in a tundra where thrown out. But the documentary evidence was not found.In 1953 in the nearby camp of Vorkuta uprising broke out: the prisoners refused to go to work until, until you have revised them, changed the custody and better food. Of course, nobody was going to comply with these requirements. As a result of the rebellion, about 60 people were killed and 135 wounded. Some of them later died, too.Prisoners dug coal and dug mines./Photo:

Death Valley — Butugychag

The most horrible correctional camp in the Gulag was Butugychag, founded in 1937 on the territory of Magadan region. In a colony developed tin and uranium mines. Prisoners mined with bare hands, without any protective equipment. Of course, high levels of radiation could not affect health, many of them in a few weeks died from exposure. Those who refused to work in the galleries were sent to work on the surface in the cold. This is evidenced by the memories of a former prisoner of Butugychag Anatoly Zhigulin.In the photo the entrance to the adit of uranium Butugychag./Photo: about Butugychag was highly classified at the state level, and all traces of ill-treatment of people to be destroyed. When the prisoners were sent to other camps of the Kolyma, with each took a subscription about nondisclosure. Every released then followed carefully the KGB. This was told by A. V. Zhigulin in his autobiographical novel.There are versions that the camp housed the medical laboratory, in which the prisoners were conducted experiments abdominal operations in gas masks and the brain through the craniotomy. This information was supposedly confirmed by a lot of terrible finds, where the frontal half neatly sawed off from the bottom, but in addition to photos with the «discovery sites» reliable information there.There is a version that the prisoners of the camp conducted experiments on the brain through the craniotomy./Photo:

Area of mother and child

The most unlucky children, who either arrived with their mothers, or have been born within the walls of the camp. In April 1941, the prisons contained 2,500 women with young children, 8500 pregnant women. Often fathers become guards, guards, other prisoners, and voluntary workers. Rape has become a common practice in the camps.While mothers were at work, the children looked after nurses./Photo: child birth was not provided. From work female is released before by the birth, and the diaper they were given a piece of cloth puttee. The first months after the baby nursed mother. If she was late for feeding at least for a moment, she could not let the baby. Then the children were looked after nurses. Some sources claim that they did not hesitate to beat them up or kick it, and to feed, he linked his hands behind his back and forcibly stuffed the blazing heat of the porridge. Some nurses had their own children, so they could take food from another child to feed her. If you believe them, it is not surprising that the infant mortality rate in the camps was very high. Of course, there were friendly, with love pertaining to children. One of these was Elena Ivanova (Markov). In her memoirs she told me that the surviving children developed very bad, and later began to talk and walk, because for them there was no one.Gulag prisoners built in the Soviet Union, many important objects. Entered the history and impact the construction of Transpolar railway, which was unnecessary.

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